Gina recently asked; “Is it possible to use Visio to create technical fashion drawings? Are there templates and stencils available? Has this been done before?”
I haven’t heard of any company that creates a Visio-based solution for the fashion industry, and I wasn’t able to find any shapes from enthusiasts posted on the net. But I can say this; “It has been done before.”
Technical Fashion Design
I assume that Gina was referring to drawings such as these that I found on the Only Light website. The site has a bunch of fashion design drawings in .pdf-format. They look like this:
The drawings were created using Adobe Illustrator. My guess is that Illustrator is the application of choice in this industry because Illustrator is used by artsy folks and designers, whereas Visio tends to be used more by office and knowledge workers.
Adobe has finer control over vertexes and curves, has a larger array of artistic effects, more sophisticated output options, and probably more industry support as well.
You’ll find more resources by Google-ing Adobe Illustrator Fashion Design than you will for Visio Fashion Design. And there’s even a book on topic: Fashion Designer’s Handbook for Adobe Illustrator.
Visio Can Do This!
I know that Visio can do this, because I’ve done it myself. Many moons ago, when Visio was produced by the Visio Corporation, there was the Visio Softball Team. The team actually did well in one of their three or four seasons, as I recall…
Anyway, at some point, I got the bright idea to design the uniforms using Visio. You can see the results here, or download the actual Visio file at the end of this post.
But is Visio Any Good At This?
My experience was that Visio did the job just fine. The drawings are not overly complex or full of graphic-arts effects.
But I’m a Visio expert, and not a technical fashion design expert.
I don’t fully understand what a designer needs to do to create these drawings. Are they highly accurate or conceptual? Are they drawn to scale? Are patterns generated from these drawings and sent straight to the factory machinery via an up-link? You get the idea.
So let’s just talk about some of the Visio-features that might aid the task of creating technical fashion designs:
Drawing and Editing
Visio has tools for creating lines, circles, rectangles and curves. You can edit the curves and vertexes, but not as accurately or easily as in Adobe Illustrator, which has much finer control over such things.
You can easily rotate, flip and duplicate shapes, and it’s a snap to group them together for use as a single unit, work within the group, add shapes to the group, and ungroup the whole unit at a later point.
Slice, Dice, Put the Pieces Back Together
Visio has “boolean operations” which allow you to slice shapes using lines, cut lines into pieces, union or combine shapes together to form new ones, or subtract areas from other areas.
Scale and Units
Visio drawings can be created to-scale, using the units of your choice. So you create a drawing in inches or centimeters, and your shirt can be 22 inches or 56 centimeters tall!
You don’t have to do any math in your head.
Smarts and Customizability
If you’re inclined to tinkering, you can add intelligence to your shapes via Visio’s ShapeSheet interface.
By creating Smart Shapes, you can parameterize your shapes, intelligently control how geometry or formatting responds to user input. Imagine a sleeve shape where the cuff and stitching doesn’t stretch even when the sleeve does!
Visio has a built-in set of line and fill patterns and arrowheads. You can build your own customized ones as well, so you can get the stitching on that seam to look just right!
And if custom patterns, the ShapeSheet and Smart Shapes aren’t enough, Visio has automation capabilities that allows you to programmatically control just about everything in the drawing environment.
It even has a built in VBA (Visual Basic for Applications) editor, so you can start experimenting right away.
Snap & Glue
Visio has the ability to snap and glue shapes to each other. I can envision a shirt shape where either short- or long sleeves shapes could be snapped into place at the shoulder-joint of a shirt shape.
Build a Library
Visio has a stencil metaphor that allows you to design your own shapes, then drag them into a stencil window to be saved as a shape-library. You can then quickly re-use the shapes by dragging them off of the stencil into any drawing. You could easily build up a library of sleeves, pantaloons, seams, neck cut-outs, collars, pockets, etc. Theoretically, you’ll be able to design faster as your stencil grows.
Price, Availability, User Interface
Visio is cheaper than Adobe Illustrator, and if you work in a Microsoft Windows /Office house, you might already have it on your machine. Visio also fits the Windows & Office user-paradigm better than Illustrator, which comes from the Mac world.
Getting up-and-running with Visio is easier and faster than with Illustrator. But customization of Visio – Smart Shapes, ShapeSheet, custom patterns and automation – requires its own steep learning curve.
Hypothetical Sweater Design Using Visio
The illustration below shows the steps I took in a quick, five-minute Visio fashion design trial run. I used the Pencil Tool and the Ellipse Tool to create rough shirt, sleeve and collar shapes. I edited and tweaked vertexes with the pencil tool. I duplicated and flipped shapes, and I used the boolean operations to fragment shapes into pieces, then union shapes together. Have a look:
If you already have Visio, then it’s worth giving technical fashion design a shot. The simple example above didn’t require any of the custom development that we talked about. But that upside is always there for those who are a bit more technical, or have some techies around to help.
If you’re involved in a big, serious, expensive decision process, then use this article as one data point along your research path. But definitely go talk to the Illustrator folks too!
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